principles of child development slideshare

principles of child development slideshare

principles of child development slideshare

principles of child development slideshare


PART -12 



(1) Jean Piazza - "Jean Piazza" was a psychologist from Switzerland. In order to understand the development of intelligence in children, he searched over his children. Through his studies, he has explained in detail the "stages of development" in the subject of psychology. So that we could also focus on this in today's modern child development topic.




Principles of Jean Piaget

(i) According to Jean Piaget - "until the child reaches the adolescent stage, he acquires functional activity in different classes in different stages of development."



(ii) According to Jean Piazza - "Cognitive development is based on discovery, not just copying."



(iii) According to Jean Piazza - "Satisfaction is related to the direct, dynamic, coordination of the child."



(iv) According to Piaget, there are four stages of development. which is like this.



(i) Induced gametic state - The time period of sensory gametic state is from the birth of the child to 24 months i.e. about 2 years. In this age, the wisdom of that child is known by his actions. Piazza explains this by a very good example.

Like - "A child needs toys, which are placed on top of a sheet. But the child's hand is not reaching there. So the child pulls the sheet towards him to get those toys, and those toys Attains. "According to Piazza, this process falls under intellectual action.



(ii) Pre-operative stage - The time period of pre-operational state - starting from the age of two years (2 years) of the child's age - (7) till the age of seven years.




→ In the pre-operative state, the child gets new experiences. Also, the child receives new information.

→ We start to do a little more problems than the former child, or try to solve them.

→ In this stage the language of the child develops. , As well as more knowledge of the words related to the language - begins to occur.

→ In this state the child is "autism".



According to Apiaje - "There is a lack of" cognizant - maturity "in children under 6 years of age. Due to this lack, they are able to learn traditional problems only when they are taught and trained."



(iii) Tangible operational state - This stage (7) starts from the age of seven years and lasts till the age of 11 years. That is, the time period of this stage is from seven years to 11 years. This state has different characteristics, which are as follows.



→ At this stage, the child realizes that - the weight, number, and length are constant.

→ At this stage, the child also starts understanding the environment.



(iv) - Abstraction - Operational state - The time period of this stage in the life of a child is from 11 years to old age. In this state, the following characteristics are found in the child. Which is as follows.

→ In this stage the child can understand different types of problems, as well as he is able to consider those problems more effectively.




➦ According to Jean Piazza - "The stage in which a child recognizes or distinguishes the objects of his surroundings. That stage is called the pre-operative stage of that child."

According to Jean Piaget - "The inclusion of new ideas in the thoughts of a child is called Satmikaran."

➦ According to Jean Piazza - "

Lawrence Kolberg


Theories of Lawrence Kolberg


Lawrence Kolberg - Laurence Kolberg was an American psychologist. Those who have expressed their views on the "stage of moral development" of the child. Which is as follows.


According to Lawrence Kolberg - "Some stages of morality or character development are found in children. They are as follows."


(i) Pre-moral state - The time period of this stage - starts from the age of four (4) years, and lasts till the age of 10 years.


(ii) Traditional moral state - According to Kolberg, this period of time in the life of a child - starting from the age of 10 - lasts till the age of 13 (thirteen) years.


(iii) Self-adopted moral value state - According to Kolberg the time period of this stage - commences from 13 (thirteen) years, and continues till maturity.


Liv Vygotsky


Liv Vygotsky- Liv Vygotsky was a psychologist of the Soviet Union of present-day Russia. He gave the principles related to social development of children.



Principles of Liv Vygotsky


According to the theory of Liv Vygotsky - "At every developmental level of the child, his society has a special contribution. Different kinds of development occur in him as a result of interaction with society."


According to Liv Vygotsky's theory - "The most important contribution to the development of a child is the society."



Based on the above description, we can say that, whatever the child's society will be like, good or bad, it definitely has an impact on the child. If the child lives in a society where facilities and facilities are less, then its adverse effect is seen in his behavior.


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