ilimin halin dan Adam

ilimin halin dan Adam



Asalin kalmar ilimin halin dan Adam


(1) Psychology - Kalmar "Psychology" an samo ta ne daga kalmomi biyu na "Girkanci" - Psycho da Logos. A cikin Hellenanci, ma'anar "Psychi" - Ruhu da Logos - shine "Kimiyya". Don haka wannan kalmar Cikakken ma'anar "kimiyyar rai" ita ce. Wannan shine, a cikin "harshe Girkanci", mu rai a cikin ilimin halayyar mutum

Kimiyyar ma’anar ilimin halayyar dan adam

(2) Ilimin halin dan Adam - Kalmar ilimin halin dan Adam ana kiranta "Psychology" a harshen Hindi. Ilimin halin dan adam yana nufin "kimiyyar hankali" ko - "kimiyyar ayyukan tunani". Wato, 'ilimin halin dan Adam ilimin kimiyya ne wanda kwakwalwarmu, kwakwalwarmu ke sarrafa ta. An ga ma'anar wannan kalma "ilimin halin dan adam" yana juyawa a kan lokaci.
Kamar -



(3) Daga shekaru zuwa karni na 16 K.H. aka kira shi "kimiyyar rai". Manyan magoya bayanta - "Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Ram, Hobbes, da sauransu.

(4) Daga karni na 16 zuwa karni na 17, an kira shi - "Kimiyyar hankali ko kwakwalwa". Manyan magoya bayanta - "Thomas, Reid, Locke da dai sauransu.

(5) Daga karni na 17 zuwa karni na 19 - aka kira shi - "Kimiyyar Kwarewa". Magoya bayansa na farin ciki - "William James, Tichner, Jameslee - da sauransu.

(6) Daga karni na 19 zuwa ajalin "zamanin yanzu" - ana kiranta "Kimiyya na Halayen". Supportan uwanta masu goyon baya - "Watson" ne kaɗai ya yi.

Dakin Karatu na Farko
 Gidan gwajin farko na ilimin halin dan Adam a cikin kasashen Yammacin duniya ya fara ne ta hanyar "William Wunt"
Ka'idar ilimin halayyar dan adam

A cewar Wilson, "masanin ilimin halayyar mutum" - "Hankali yana nan a cikin" tsarin limpic "a cikin kwakwalwa.




Binciken "Masanin ilimin kimiyyar halayyar yamma" ya fara ne a Indiya a kusan 20 (karni na 20).


➤ A cikin falsafar Indiya, mahimmin abu shine akan binciken ilimi da kuma cudanya da juna a cikin ilimin halayyar dan adam. A cikin abin da aka ba da hankali ga binciken lamiri (hankali, hankali, son kai, hankali da rai) da sauransu A ƙarƙashin wannan, an bayyana halayen a cikin "jiki huɗu". Watau, an karfafa shi sosai don fahimtar halayen mutum daga wadannan taskokin guda hudu.


Wadannan taskokin hudu sune kamar haka -


Ama Annamaya Kosha - A karkashin Anmaya Kosha, ana yin nazarin "Gyanandris" da "Karma Indras" na jikin mu.



Pranmaya Kosh - A ƙarƙashin "Pranmaya Kosh" a cikin falsafar Indiya - "Mahimmanci na Jiki" da "Prana Shakti" ana nazarin su galibi.

(iii) Manumaya Kosh - A karkashin falsafar Indiya - ana nazarin "tunani" na yaro a ƙarƙashin "Manumaya Kosh".



(iv) Vigyanamaya Kosh - Dangane da falsafar Indiya - "Hikima" na yaro an haɗa shi a ƙarƙashin "Vigyan - Maya" Kosh.
Bayanan ilimin halayyar dan adam


Abin lura- Psychology wani reshe ne na falsafa - daga nan ne aka fara raba shi da "William James".


 Dangane da ilimin halin dan Adam na Indiya - Psychology shine kimiyyar da ke adana abubuwan da suka samu daga "hankulan waje" wadanda suke cikin kwakwalwar mu. Ta wata ma'ana, irin wannan kwarewar da take lafiya cikin tunaninmu - hankali - son kai - rai da dai sauransu - shine ilimin halin dan Adam. Masana ilimin halayyar dan adam ko masana tunani na Indiya sun kira hankali "hankali na shida".


Masanin ilimin halayyar dan adam - In ji Fechner - "Binciken ilimin halayyar mutum - shine haɓaka hanyoyin da ke da ƙwaƙwalwa.



Dangane da masanin ilimin psychology Fied da Chugh - "Psychology yana da matakai biyu - a ciki
Mataki na farko shine - mai hankali yayin da matakin na biyu yake - ba shi da sani - daga nan - Fried da Chugh - wanda kuma ake kiran shi mahaifin masaniyar ilimi. "

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