guidance principles early childhood education

guidance principles early childhood education

PART -7 

guidance principles early childhood education
guidance principles early childhood education



(i) French psychologist " Galton " first used 'individual variations'.


 (ii) According to Skinner ➨ "Personal differences - we mean all those aspects of personality that can be measured and evaluated."


(iii) According to James Drever - "The difference between the average physical and mental characteristics of a group is what we call 'personal differences'."


(iv) According to Toiler - "The difference in the appearance of body, color, shape, function, speed, intelligence, knowledge, achievement, interest, interest, etc. is called 'personal difference'".



 (v) According to Fifer - "At the 'primary level' in general knowledge, the level of girls is more 'high' than that of boys"


 (vi) According to Pali sir - "Children's education should start 6 months after starting girls education."


(vii) According to "Carter" - "Teachers give more marks to girls in their tests than they do on a standardized learning test, while giving a lower score to children in their tests"

(ix) According to "Meredith" - "Generally, the children of families who are of social status are healthy".



 (x) According to Terman and Meryl - "Children who are children of high occupation parents, their intelligence is 118 (among 10–15 years), whereas the intelligence of the children of the group of cleric profession is good. It is -107, in addition, the children of the 'working class' have intelligence-gain only -97 "




(1) According to Toiler - "Probably the person is more influenced by the variations of personality rather than by variations of merit".

(2) According to Crowe and Crowe - "There is a great difference in the ability to succeed in physical activity even among individuals of a group".

(3) According to "Mind" - "All our lives start in the same way, then what is the reason that as we get older, we get differentiated, this is because all of us The sequence of actions varies "

Question 1 - What should a teacher do, or what should be done to attract the attention of children in order to run the teaching in the classroom smoothly?

Answer - In order to run the teaching smoothly, a teacher should ask as many questions as it gives "students the opportunity to express themselves".


Question 2 - Which adjustment or which type of adjustment is the best in any child?

Answer - In any student or student - "Personal-Adjustment and Social-Adjustment" is the best. The main reason for this is "their language".


 Question-3 - What is the best way to evaluate the feelings and thoughts of children in a class?

Answer - The best means to evaluate the "emotions and thoughts" of children in any class is obtained by "information about the development of children". That is, the teacher can evaluate the child's thoughts and thoughts only by looking at the pace and current state of the child's development.


Question 4 - A teacher works hard while teaching in class, yet there are educational differences in that class, what is the reason for this?

 A teacher works hard while teaching in the classroom, yet there are educational differences in that class, the main reason being "differentiation of individual qualities in different students."


 Q. 5 - What is the best way to simplify the learning process at "pre-secondary level" in a child?

  Answer: Contract

 Q. 6 - Which factors affect or weaken the language development of a child?

 answer -  -

 1 - Social - Economic Status

 2 - Wisdom (reduced)


 3 - Two-lingualism


 Q. 7- What is language defect?

Answer - The following types of defects are found in the language of children,

 For example, bad pronunciation of sound, very loud sound, puerperality , etc. all kinds of faults fall under language defects.

  Q. 8 - What is the major cause of individual differences?

 Answer - The following are the major reasons for individual variations - environment, age, inheritance etc.

 Q. 9 - What kind of individual differences are found in children of lower social level than in children from families above the social level?

 Answer - The following types of differences are found, such as - physical development, mental development, difference in behavior, etc.

 Question - 10 - If the student of class six is ​​able to understand the topics of class 11, then what is the reason for this individual difference?

 Answer - The reason for this individual variation of that student is the "specific ability" of the student.


 According to "McNemar and Terman" the difference between "men and women" is as follows.

  Female - Men have much higher memory skills.

Male - while males have more "dynamic ability".

 Women - Their handwriting (HANDWRITING) is relatively good for men.

 Male - He has more aptitude in Mathematics and Reasoning.

 Woman - They have more skill to understand taste, touch, disgust etc.

 Whereas men have more skill to understand weight and basis.

 Women - language skills, sensitive to suggestions, mirrors, more skill in painting, etc.

 Whereas in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, subjects, more merit is found.



The "Montessori system" was developed for children with low intelligence and convenience.

 "Development of language" is an essential skill for personal variation, as it fulfills social, physical and mental needs.

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