अमानक वर्ण

अमानक वर्ण  Hindi grammar questions for competitive exam part-5




1  शुद्ध वर्तनी    2 . अमानक वर्ण 

 (i)  -शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ बर्तन की शुद्ध " वर्तनी " क्या है ?
बर्तन का शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ "बर्तन " का शुद्ध वर्तनी   "बरतन "है ∣

  (ii) . अमानक वर्ण - हिंदी में बहुत से ऐसे वर्ण हुआ करते थे ,जो की वर्तमान समय में चलन में नहीं है ,अथवा हिंदी के मूल वर्णो में शामिल नहीं है।  इस प्रकार के  सभी वर्ण " अमानक वर्णो " की श्रेणी में  आते हैं Ι
 अर्थात वे   " वर्ण " जो पूर्व में तो मान्य रहे हो ,परन्तु वर्तमान वर्णमाला के दृस्टीकोण   से मान्य न  होते हो , अमानक वर्ण है ।
अमानक वर्ण क्या है ➨ ऐसे वर्ण जिनका कोई " मानक " न हो , तथा जो सर्वमान्य न हो " अमानक " वर्ण है , अथवा ऐसे वर्ण जिनका पहले तो मानक रहा हो परन्तु वर्तमान समय में उनका कोई " मानक " न  हो अमानक वर्ण कहलाते है ।

अमानक वर्ण किसे  कहते है ➨ जब कोई वर्ण वर्तमान परिपेक्ष्य  के मानकों  पर खरा नहीं उतरता अथवा वर्तमान में स्वीकार वर्णमाला में शामिल न  हो , अथवा पूर्व में स्वी…

child development and pedagogy notes in english pdf free download

child development and pedagogy notes in english pdf free download

Part-9

uptet/mptet/rtet/ctet/htet/pgt/tgt/prt



child development and pedagogy notes in english pdf free download
child development and pedagogy notes in english pdf free download


Question 1 - What is diagnostic teaching?

Answer 1 - Diagnostic teaching ➢ Under diagnostic teaching, an attempt is made to find out the problems encountered in the teaching of a subject.

 The following are the aims of diagnostic teaching.

1 - To improve the vision of study and teaching in a subject matter.

2 - To find and treat all types of problems of learning.

3 - To find out the specialties and weaknesses in relation to the subject of students and girls.

4 - Making the subject matter "child-centered".

5 - To make the evaluation method more effective and change it from time to time.

child development and pedagogy notes important 100+ child development and pedagogy -objective questions notes Hindi ,

 5 5 stages of diagnostic teaching are as follows.

1 - First identify the problematic students.

2 - Then look at the particular area where the child is committing an error.

3 - Then the problem should be understood.

4 - After that the teacher should consider to remove the problem or complexity.

5 - Finally, after the process of all these four steps, the problem should be remedied in the fifth stage.

➧ Remedial Learning - Remedial teaching method has the following characteristics.

1 - Therapeutic teaching method is not psychological.

2 - Use of this method - After diagnostic evaluation of weak and backward students is used to improve their weaknesses or deficiencies.

3 - Diagnostic teaching and remedial teaching are interconnected, that is, one is incomplete without the other.

4 - In this method (remedial teaching), students and students are encouraged to do more and better work according to their overall abilities.


 Following are the principles of "remedial teaching" for teaching.

1 - Close relationship should be established between the teacher and the student.

2 - A teacher should clearly plan out the entire plan and role of "remedial teaching".

3 - After that plan should be implemented.


4 - Children's age, interest, qualifications, experiences etc. should be taken into consideration during the process of remedial teaching, followed by the process of remedial teaching.

5 - They should be encouraged enough to keep their interest in the subject.

 Following is the rules of remedial education for backward children.

 1 - First, weak children should be kept in the same class.

 2 - The number of students in the class of backward children should not exceed 20-25.

3 - The area of ​​any subject matter should be seen in which children make more mistakes.

4 - Teacher should use model and chart during teaching.

5 - The teacher must give personal counseling as per the requirement of the students and girl students outside the classroom and outside the classroom.

6 - Teacher should correct the mistakes of students before / in front of them. So that the child does not repeat the mistake again.



 Following is the rules of remedial teaching for talented children.


1 - The talented children should be specially given remedial education

2 - Due to not getting the right and proper guidance to talented children, it is more likely to go on socially wrong ways or child criminals.

3 - Talented children should give complete knowledge of all subjects related to modern science, mathematics, information technology etc. in a systematic manner.

 4 - The following methods should be used in the teaching of talented children - such as - incorporation method, synthesis method, laboratory method, heuristic and project method etc.

 5 - Some problems and selections should be presented to the talented children.


Contribution of "cultural factors" to child development

(i) The "cultural - carc" of a child includes the following characteristics related to the child.

→ How is the child eating - drinking and living? It has a full effect on his "development". That is, the child's food and drink depends on his or her cultural factors.


→ The religious manner of the child - that is, whether the boy is religious or not? - How is the manner of celebrating a ceremony. Thus, the effect of all these factors is on the development and development of the child.


(i) The atmosphere is that "external element". Which affects a human. That is, no human can live without being influenced by his environment.

(ii) Many factors affect a child. In which genetic factor of that child is also a major factor. Also, after the genetic factor which is the most affecting factor for a child, it is the "environment" of that child.

(iii) All the external factors or external conditions that directly or indirectly affect a person from birth to death - fall under the environment. "

(iv) The environment around us in which the earth, sky, water, land, mountains, rivers, animals and animals all come, is called atmosphere or environment.


child development and pedagogy notes important 100+ child development and pedagogy -objective quwstion notes hindi,


(i) According to Rach - "All those situations occur in the environment, which stimulate the behavior of a child."


(ii) According to Ross - "The environment is an outsider who affects us."

(iii) According to Woodworth - "The atmosphere contains all the external elements which have influenced humans since the beginning of life."

(iv) According to Jisbert - "Whoever surrounds an object or an element around it and directly affects it is called environment."

(v) According to Boring Lagfield and Weld - "A person's environment is the sum of all the stimuli that he eclipses from birth to death."

(vi) According to T-D-Elliot - "The area of ​​stimulation and its interaction by an entity in conscious matter is called atmosphere."

इस ब्लॉग से लोकप्रिय पोस्ट

अमानक वर्ण

बाल विकास को प्रभावित करने वाले कारक pdf

बाल विकास के सिद्धांत हिंदी पीडीएफ