5 principles of child development
|5 principles of child development|
Question 1 - What is diagnostic teaching?
Answer 1 - Diagnostic teaching ➢ Under diagnostic teaching, an attempt is made to find out the problems encountered in the teaching of a subject.
The following are the aims of diagnostic teaching.
1 - To improve the vision of study and teaching in a subject matter.
2 - To find and treat all types of problems of learning.
3 - To find out the specialties and weaknesses in relation to the subject of students and girls.
4 - Making the content "child-centered".
5 - To make the evaluation method more effective and change it from time to time.
5 5 stages of diagnostic teaching are as follows.
1 - First identify the problematic students.
2 - Then look at the particular area where the child is committing an error.
3 - Then the problem should be understood.
4 - After that the teacher should consider to remove the problem or complexity.
5 - Finally, after the process of all these four steps, the problem should be remedied in the fifth stage.
➧ Remedial Learning - Remedial teaching method has the following characteristics.
1 - Therapeutic teaching method is not psychological.
2 - Use of this method - After diagnostic evaluation of weak and backward students is used to improve their weaknesses or deficiencies.
3 - Diagnostic teaching and remedial teaching are interconnected, that is, one is incomplete without the other.
4 - In this method (remedial teaching), students and students are encouraged to do more and better work according to their overall abilities.
Following are the principles of "remedial teaching" for teaching.
1 - Close relationship should be established between the teacher and the student.
2 - A teacher should clearly plan out the entire plan and role of "remedial teaching".
3 - After that plan should be implemented.
4 - Children's age, interest, qualifications, experiences etc. should be taken into consideration during the process of remedial teaching, followed by the process of remedial teaching.
5 - They should be encouraged enough to keep their interest in the subject.
Following is the rules of remedial education for backward children.
1 - First, weak children should be kept in the same class.
2 - The number of students in the class of backward children should not exceed 20-25.
3 - The area of any subject matter should be seen in which children make more mistakes.
4 - Teacher should use model and chart during teaching.
5 - The teacher must give personal counseling as per the requirement of the students and girl students, both in and outside the classroom
6 - Teacher should correct the mistakes of students before / in front of them. So that the child does not repeat the mistake again.
Following is the rules of remedial teaching for talented children.
1 - The talented children should be specially given remedial education
2 - Due to not getting the right and proper guidance to talented children, it is more likely to go on socially wrong ways or child criminals.
3 - Talented children should give complete knowledge of all subjects related to modern science, mathematics, information technology etc. in a systematic manner.
4 - The following methods should be used in the teaching of talented children - such as - incorporation method, synthesis method, laboratory method, heuristic and project method etc.
5 - Some problems and selections should be presented to the talented children.
Contribution of "cultural factors" to child development
(i) The "cultural - carc" of a child includes the following characteristics related to the child.
→ How is the child eating - drinking and living? It has a full effect on his "development". That is, the child's food and drink depends on his or her cultural factors.
→ The religious manner of the child - that is, whether the boy is religious or not? - How is the manner of celebrating a ceremony. Thus, the effect of all these factors is on the development and development of the child.
Environmental factors in child development
(i) The atmosphere is that "external element". Which affects a human. That is, no human can live without being influenced by his environment.
(ii) Many factors affect a child. In which genetic factor of that child is also a major factor. Also, after the genetic factor which is the most influential factor for a child, it is the "environment" related factor of that child. "
(iii) All the external factors or external conditions that directly or indirectly affect a person from birth to death - fall under the environment. "
(iv) The environment around us in which the earth, sky, water, land, mountains, rivers, animals and animals all come, is called atmosphere or environment.
(i) According to Rach - "All those situations occur in the environment, which stimulate the behavior of a child."
(ii) According to Ross - "The environment is an outsider who affects us."
(iii) According to Woodworth - "The atmosphere contains all the external elements which have influenced humans since the beginning of life."
(iv) According to Jisbert - "Whoever surrounds an object or an element around it and directly affects it is called environment."
(v) According to Boring Lagfield and Weld - "A person's environment is the sum of all the stimuli that he eclipses from birth to death."
(vi) According to T-D-Elliot - "The area of stimulation and its interaction by an entity in conscious matter is called atmosphere."