types of ecology

types of ecology

types of ecology
types of ecology

part-5

Question-1 - What is Natural Gas?


Answer - Natural gas is a clean energy resource. ⧫ Natural gas emits small amounts of "carbon dioxide", so it is considered environmentally friendly.

Q.2 Where are the hydroelectric projects located?

 Answer - Hydro power project is located at Bhakra Nagal, Damodar Valley Corporation, etc.


Question - 3 - What is nuclear power?


Answer - Atomic energy is the energy that is obtained by changing the "structure of molecules".


Question - 4- What is the importance of "Solar Power" in the Indian context?

Answer - India is a tropical country, so solar energy can be used more and more here.


Question - 5 Where is India's largest "solar power plant" located?


Answer - India's largest "solar power plant" is located in Madhopur near Bhuj.


Question 6 - Where does India stand in the context of wind energy in the world?


Answer - India has "Wind Power" status in the world in the context of wind energy.

 Question - 7 - How is biogas produced?


 Answer - What is biogas produced from bushes, agricultural waste, animals and man-made waste, etc.


   Question - 8 What is aqueous cycle?


Answer - When "water" - evaporation from the river, pond, sea, and then comes back to these reservoirs, and when this process goes on continuously. So it is called "water cycle".


  Q9- What is the Nitrogen cycle ?

Answer - - 78% - part of our atmosphere is nitrogen gas and it is necessary for us ⧫ We get it from protein, nucleic acid, urea, etc. When we return to the atmosphere after our experiment and this process continues continuously, it is called "Nitrogen cycle".


Question - 10 - What is Carbon cycle?               

Answer - Definition - 1 - Carbon on earth is mainly diamond and graphite ⧫ Also carbon is found in carbon oxide, protein, carbohydrate, fat, nucleic acid, vitamins etc. ⧫ When carbon is used by various physical and biological activities Recycling takes place, which is called the "carbon cycle".

Definition-2 - In the carbon cycle atmosphere - is found as "carbon dioxide". Life is not imagined without it. Kiyoki - This is what carbohydrate is made in plants, so that the whole life cycle goes on.


Question - 11 What is the Green House Effect

Answer: In cold regions, fruits and vegetable plants are grown in a glass house or green house. In this process, the inside of the glass house is much warmer than the outside. ियो Because the glass allows the heat of the sun to enter, but does not allow it to pass out immediately. The temperature becomes "very hot" ⧫ This is how the atmosphere that surrounds our earth works in the same way 丨 which we call "green house effect".

  Question - 12 What is Oxygen cycle?

 Answer - 21% oxygen is found in our atmosphere. ⧫ Oxygen cycle is the process in which the amount of oxygen remains equal.


 Question - 13 - What is ozone layer?


Answer: Around the earth - 15 to 35 km. - There is a layer between 丨 which is our oxygen emitting molecule named "Ozone" परत This layer is very important for the protection of the Earth. Is ⧫ as we know that - this ultraviolet rays of the sun are very harmful for the skin.


 Question - 14 - What causes the decay of the ozone layer?

Answer - The most responsible factor for the depletion of the ozone layer is "kiloflora carbon (cfc) and hydro-chlorofluoro carbon (HCFC)".

Question - 15 - What is an interconnected group of food chain?

Answer - We are called "Food Trap" - an interconnected group of food chain.


Question - 16 - Which is the coldest layer of the atmosphere?


Answer - The coldest layer of the atmosphere is "Madhyamandala".

Question - 17 - What are the animals that live on dead animals?

Answer- We call "scavenger" animals that live on dead animals.

Question - 18 - What is "Ecomark"?

Answer - EcoMark is given to those products which are compatible with our environment.

Question - 19 - According to food chain, what is human?

Answer - Humans according to the food chain - are "consumers".

Question - 20 - If "carbon dioxide" is removed from the environment, then in this case, who will be affected first.

Answer - Trees - Plants.


Question - 21 - What is called to study the same type of plant?

Answer - Auto-ecology.

Question - 22 - What is the ecology related to the shape of the Earth?

Answer: Topographic

Question - 23 - According to food chain - What is "producer and consumer"?

Answer: Parts of "biological equilibrium".

Question - 24 - How many parts of the ecosystem are there?

Answer: The ecosystem has two parts.

(i) Biological (ii) Non-Divine


Question - 25 - What is the world's largest ecosystem?


Answer: Sea

Question - 26 - What is called "element rotation" in the ecosystem?


Answer - "Bio-geochemical cycle.


Question - 27 - According to the ecosystem what is "crop ecosystem"?


Answer - "Man-made ecosystem".

Question - 28 - What comes under natural pollution?

Answer: The following elements come under natural pollution. We include all elements under "natural pollution" such as - dust, earthquake, flood, volcanic ash, soil erosion and drought.

Question - 29 - Which elements come under "man-made pollutant elements"?

Answer - Following are examples of man-made pollution.

Various types of pollution are included (i) industrial pollution (ii) agricultural pollution (iii) population pollution.

Question - 30 - What are the four major sources of air pollution?

Answer - (i) Fixed combustion source (ii) Movable combustion source (iii) Industrial source (iv) By nuclear test.


Question - 31 - What is "fixed combustion source"?

Answer - When fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum material are burnt at a particular place, it is called "real combustion source".


Question - 32 - What are the consequences of "acid rain" in the environment and ecosystem?

Answer - There are various types of losses - by acid rain. Different types of hairs are seen such as - loss of trees, plants, loss of soil, stop breeding of fish etc.


Question-33 - What is "movable combustion source"?

Answer - All those vehicles which depend on petroleum products for running. Is the "movable combustion source". Such as petrol and diesel-powered cars, buses, motorcycles, scooters, autos, etc. - all have "moving combustion" sources.

Question-34 - Which "moving combustion sources" mainly emit gases?

Answer - (i) Carbon - monoxide co (ii) Nitrogen oxide - NO (III) Hydrocarbons.


Question - 35 - Which three gases does Prakash Rasaynik Smog consist of?

Answer - (i) Nitrogen Oxide (NO2) (ii) Ozone (O3) (iii) Paracisal Acetite Nitrant (PAN)


Question-36 - Which gases or substances in the industry predominantly pollute the atmosphere, name it?


Answer - Such are the names of those gases, which come out of the industries and pollute our atmosphere.

(i) Carbon - Manoxide (ii) Sulfur - Dioxide.


Question - 37 - What are the harmful effects on trees and plants by "air pollution"?

Answer: The following harmful effects on trees and plants through air pollution are as follows.

(i) Premature leaf fall from hydrocarbons (ethylene) (ii) Fall before new buds bloom.

(iii) Turning of flowers to a fortnight. (iv) Reduced crop productivity. (v) Smog leaves

Question-38 - What are the names of diseases caused by water pollution?


Answer: Water pollution causes various diseases. Which is as follows.

(i) cholera (ii) typhoid (iii) jaundice (iv) dysentery (v) gastroenteritis etc.

Question - 39 - What is the major cause of polluted water?


Answer - Polluted water has various causes.

(i) Industrial manure (ii) Domestic sewage (iii) Increase in temperature (iv) Marine waste (v) Plastic (vi) Soil pollution etc. There are various reasons which cause water to be polluted.

Question-40 - Name the substances present in water that harm our health?

Answer - The names of those substances are as follows.

(i) Sulfides (ii) Fluorites (iii) Nitrites (iv) Detergents (v) Flammable substances (vi) Minerals - such as mercury, (vii) copper (viii) Sisha (ix) Cadmium (x) Solonium (xi) ) Barium.

Question - 41 - What are the side effects of noise pollution on human health?

Answer - Noise pollution has following effects on human health, which is as follows.

(i) Ears are torn or deaf. (ii) Irritability and headache. (iii) Sleeplessness (iv) Heart related diseases (v) Brain related diseases etc. Different types of side effects are found.


Question - 43 - Name the elements of soil pollutants?

Answer - Soil pollutants are named as follows.

(i) Pesticides such as - DTD

  (ii) bactericidal (iii) chemical fertilizer (iv) acid rain (v) water from mines

(vi) Rotten food, meat, bones (vii) Lead (viii) Iron etc.


Question - 44 - Name the five mountain ranges of Madhya Pradesh?



Answer - Five mountain ranges of Madhya Pradesh are as follows.

(i) Satpura mountain range.

(ii) Vidhyachal mountain range.

  (iii) Maikal mountain range.

  (iv) Mahadev mountain range

  (v) Aravalli mountain range.


Question - 45 - Which is the longest mountain range of Madhya Pradesh?


Answer - Satpura mountain range is the longest mountain range of "Madhya Pradesh".


Question - 46 - How many kilometers is the total length of the Satpura mountain range?

Answer - The total length of the Satpura mountain range is 1120 kilometers.

Question - 47 - What is the name of the highest peak of Satpura mountain range?

Answer - The name of the highest peak of the Satpura mountain range - "Dhupgarh".

Question - 48 - What is the name of the highest peak of Madhya Pradesh?


Answer - The name of the highest peak of Madhya Pradesh is "Dhupgarh".

Question - 49 - Name the highest peak of Vidhyachal mountain range?

Answer - The name of the highest peak of Vidhyachal mountain range is "Amarkantak".


Question 50 - What is the name of the rivers originating from the Vindhyachal mountain range?


Answer - Narmada, Son, Betwa, Cane River etc.

Question - 51 - What is the name of the only hill station in Madhya Pradesh?



Answer - Pachmarhi.



Question - 52 - Which is the highest peak of the Aravali mountain range?



Answer - "Mount Abu"



Question - 53 - What is "Number Ecology"?



Answer: Under number ecology, it is possible to choose the organisms of a particular caste and to study the actions or reactions between those organisms.



Question-54 - What is "Conservation Ecology"?



Answer: The emphasis is on conservation of ecological resources and minerals under conservation ecology. Under this, light, water, all animals - animals, forests, earth, etc. come.



Question - 55 - What is "Human Ecology"?



Answer - All those elements which directly and indirectly affect human life. Under "Human Ecology".



Question - 56 - How many categories of ecosystem are divided based on habitat?



Answer - The ecosystem is divided into two categories based on habitat.



(i) Earth ecosystem (ii) Aquatic ecosystem.


Question - 57 - What is EcoCline?


Answer - When different ecosystems are intermingled, we call it "EcoCline".

Question - 58 - What is "Zoological"?

Answer - The animals that take food through their mouths are called "animals."

Question-59 - In ecosystem - how is "gross productivity" measured?


Answer - "Gram per sqm per day or per year".

Question - 60 - Which areas are covered under "High Ecological Productivity"?



Answer - (i) Tropical and temperate forests (ii) Alluvial soil zone (iii) Agricultural area (iv) Watershed area etc.

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