environment notes pdf

environment notes pdf

Part -6 
environment notes pdf
environment notes pdf

Question-1 - What does the first law of "thermodynamics" say?

Answer - According to the first law of "thermodynamics" - a mass system that is constant. There is no creation of energy in it, nor destruction. That is, energy changes from one form to another. The rule of "thermodynamics" explains this.

Question - 2 - What are the total nutritional levels in the "diet chain"?

Answer: There are a total of four types of nutrition levels in the diet series.

Question - 3 - Who comes under nutrition level - 1, name it?

Answer - Green - Plants (Producer)

Question - 4 - Who comes under Nutrition Level - 2, Name it?

Answer - Elephant, cow, goat, horse, camel, giraffe, sheep, deer, rabbit etc. come.

Question - 5 Who comes under nutrition level - 3, name it?

Answer - Tiger, lion, leopard, lizard, spider, hawk, bear etc. come.

Question - 6 - Who comes under nutrition level - 4, name it?

Answer - Animals that are omnivores. That is, such organisms - which are capable of eating both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. Or their digestive system is capable of digesting both types of food. We include them under the nutrition level - 4. Like - human etc.

Question - 7 - At what nutritional level are "micro-organisms" included?

Answer - "Nutrition Level - 4".

Question - 8 - Micro organisms - What are they (vegetarian, non-vegetarian, omnivorous)?

Answer - Omnivores.

Question - 9 - In the diet series - who had rendered "10% energy law"?

Answer - Zoologist - "Lindemann".

Question - 10 - In the diet series - what is the "rule of 10% energy"?

Answer - In the food chain - according to the 10% rule - when energy is transferred from one "nutrition-level" to another "nutrition-level", the amount of transfer cannot exceed 10 percent energy. The energy is further reduced by 10 percent. And this sequence continues from nutrition level - 1 to nutrition level - 4.

Question - 11 - What are the "abiotic pollutants" that contaminate ground water?

Answer - Arsenic.

Question 12 - Trees on earth - Which gas will be depleted by plants ending?

Answer - Oxygen gas.

Question - 13 - Which is the best indicator of water pollution?

Answer - "License"

Question - 14 - What is the function of ultraviolet (uv) in purifying water?

Answer - Ultraviolet (uv) inactivates microorganisms present in water "which can harm our health". Whom water becomes pure.

Question - 15 - If we go from the surface to the altitude, then the temperature decreases, what is the reason for this?

Answer: The air is less dense at altitude.

Question - 16 - What type of seasonal events would occur in the "troposphere"?

Answer: The following types of seasonal events occur in the troposphere.

(i) Cloud formation.

(ii) cyclone

 (iii) Storm.

Question-17 - What is "heat budget"?

Answer - When the temperature of the Earth keeps the temperature of the Sun evenly balanced, it is called "heat budget".

Question - 18 - What is "temperature anomaly"?

Answer - The difference between the average temperature of latitude of a place and the average temperature of the same is found - it is called "temperature anomaly".

Question-19 - What is Biosphere?

Answer - When in any geographical area - all types of ecosystems form a unit, it is called a "biosphere".

Question - 20 - Which are the sources of "Vitamin A"?

Answer - Fish, oil, milk, butter, ghee, carrots, green vegetables etc.

Question-21 - What is the name of diseases arising due to deficiency of Vitamin A?

Answer - Night blindness, physical growth stop, positive disease etc.

Question - 22 - What is the nasal name of Vitamin A?

Answer - "Retinol"

Question-23 - What is the source of Vitamin B1?

Answer - Sprouted wheat, fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs, yeast etc.

Question-24 - Name the Rongo arising from vitamin B1 deficiency?

Answer - Berry - Berry

Question - 25 - What is the major symptom of "Berry - Berry" disease?

Answer - "Bones softening and turning."

Question - 26 - What is the chemical name of Vitamin B1?

Answer: Thiamine.

Question - 27 - What are the sources of Vitamin B2?

Answer - Milk, meat, green vegetables, leafy vegetables.

Question - 28 - Name the Rongo arising from vitamin B2 deficiency?

Answer- swelling in the tongue, swelling in the skin, no visible spast.

Question - 29 - What is the biological name of Vitamin B2?

Answer - Riboflavin.

Question - 30 - What is the nasal name of Vitamin B7?

Answer - Nicotine Acid or Niacin.

Question - 31 - Name the Rongo arising from deficiency of Vitamin B7?

Answer - Playgra.

Question - 32 - What are the sources of Vitamin B7?

Answer - Fish, eggs.

Question - 33 - What are the sources of Vitamin B12?

Answer - Liver.

Question - 34 - Name the Rongo arising from vitamin B12 deficiency?

Answer - Anemia (lack of blood.)

Question - 35 - What is the nasal name of Vitamin B12?

Answer - Cyanocobalamin.

Question - 36 - What is the nasal name of vitamin "C"?

Answer - Ascorbic acid.

Question - 38 - What is the source of Vitamin "C"?

Answer - Lemon, Amla, Orange, Green - Vegetables etc.

Question - 39 - Name the Rongo arising from deficiency of Vitamin "C"?

Answer - Scurvy.

Question - 40 - Name the Rongo arising from deficiency of Vitamin "D"?

Answer - "Rickets"

Question - 41 - What is the source of Vitamin "D"?

Answer - fish, oil, egg, liver, parabony ray, salad etc.

Question - 42 - What is the nasal name of vitamin "D"?

Answer - Calciferol.

Question - 43 - What is the nasal name of vitamin "E"?

Answer - Tocopherol.

Question - 44 - What is the source of Vitamin "E"?

Answer - Salad, Leaves, Shivi fruits, beans, peas etc.

Question - 45 - Name the Rongo arising from deficiency of Vitamin "E"?

Answer - Muscle related problem, or neurological problem.

Question - 47 - What is the main objective of "agenda-21"?

Answer - Under this, each - local bodies have to prepare their agenda - 21. In which - various types of issues are emphasized, such as - attempts to prevent environmental damage, poverty, remedies for diseases, work for the needs of all, etc. different types of issues are emphasized.

Question - 48 - From the agricultural point of view, what percentage of area is sown in the states of India like - Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman - Nicobar Dheep group?

Answer - About - 10% percent.

Question - 49 - Approximately what percentage of land is agricultural area in Punjab and Haryana?

Answer - About 80% percent.

Question - 50 - What are the personal resources?

Answer - Personal resources are those resources.

  Which is owned by a particular person.

  For example - gardens, ponds, wells.

Question - 52 - What is National Resource?

Answer - Resources that are found in a country. They are called "national resources" for there.

That is, all those resources found in the country are national resources such as - all the substances found in our country, water resources, forests, wildlife, ocean area up to 12 nautical miles (19. 2 km) and found in them. Outgoing resources etc. is "National Resources".

Question - 53 - What is International Resource?

Answer - Resources that are 200 km from the "coastline". M It is in the ocean and no country has any right over it. They are "international resources" 丨 These resources cannot be used without the consent of "international institutions" 丨 In this context, India has the right to mine the "manganese" glands from the foothills of the "Indian Ocean". Can. India holds its entire rights.

Question - 54 - What are the possible resources?

Answer - Potential resources are those resources which exist in a region or region. But they cannot be used. Also, which are likely to be used in future. So such resources are called "potential resources" of that particular region or region.

Question - 55 - What resources are developed?

Answer - The developed resource has the following characteristics.

➨ surveyed

-➨ whose quality of use has been determined.

➨ whose quantity has been determined.

➨ Which resource is in use.

Question - 56 - What are the stores?

Answer - All those substances available in our environment which can fulfill human need.

But the "technology of science" is unable to get them, such substances come in "stores". That is, such resources which are far from the reach of our science and their techniques, are called "stores".

Question - 57 - What is Accumulated Fund?

Answer - Resources that can be used, but they have just begun to be used 丨 These resources are used for "future", hence they are called "accumulated funds" i.e. resources that we currently have in our present Can be used by science and technology, but we have not started using them yet, because we have kept these resources for future use. . Hence these types of resources are called "accumulated funds".

Question - 58 - What is alluvial soil?

Answer - It is an important "soil" of our country. It is made up of the three major rivers of the Himalayas, the Indus, the Ganges, the Brahmaputra. It is a very fertile soil.

Question - 59 - What is found in alluvial soil?

Answer - In alluvial soil - potas, phosphorus, lime etc. are found.

Question - 60 - What type of alluvial soil is there?

Answer: There are two types of alluvial soil.

➨ old alluvial

➨ new alluvial

Question 61 - Whose quantity is found in old alluvium?

Answer - Older alluvium has more "cucumber glands".

Question - 62 - What is the old alluvial called?

Answer - Old alluvial - Bangar - is called.

Question - 63 - What is the new alluvial called?

Answer - The new alluvial is called "Khadar".

Question-64 - Which crop is grown mainly in alluvial soil?

Answer: In alluvial soil, mainly sugarcane, rice, wheat and pulses crops are cultivated.

Question - 65 - For which crop "Black Soil" is considered most suitable?

Answer - Black soil is considered most suitable for "cotton cultivation".

Question - 66 - By what other name do we know "black soil"?

Answer - "Cotton Soil"

Question - 67 - In which areas black soil is predominantly found in India? Name it.

Answer - Black soil in India is found in the following areas.

1- In the regions of Maharashtra.

2- In the regions of Saurast

3- In the regions of Malwa,

4- In the plateaus of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

Question - 68 - What are the characteristics of black soil?

Answer - Black soil has different characteristics, some of them are as follows.

1- It has much more capacity to hold moisture than other soil.

2- Calcium carbonate, magnesium, potas, lime etc. are found in this soil.

 3- It is also called "Regur".

Question - 69 - Where are the red soil developed?

Answer - Red soil is such a soil, whose color is completely "red". This soil develops mainly in places where there is less rainfall.

Question - 70 - Which elements of red soil are more abundant?

Answer: Iron, aluminum, lime etc.

Question - 71 - In which states of India is this soil found?

Answer - Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West - Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra etc.

Question - 72 - For which crops "Red soil" is most suitable?

Answer: Cotton is suitable for wheat, pulses, grains, etc.

Question - 73 - On which parts of the Deccan Plateau has this soil developed?

Answer - The "Deccan Plateau" consists of the eastern and southern parts, where this "red soil" has developed. .

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