environment and ecology for upsc
|environment and ecology for upsc|
ecology definition biology
Question - 1 What is the type of food preservation system?
Answer: There are two types of food testing system.
1 ➨ bacterial exterminator system
2 ➨ bacterial dormant system
Question - 2 - What is organic disease?
Answer - Biological diseases are diseases that are found in crops. Crop production decreases due to this disease.
Question - 3 - What are "abiotic diseases"?
Answer: Abiotic diseases are of the following types. For example - drought, excessive rainfall etc.
Question-4 - How is "composted manure" made?
Answer - Composted manure is made by garbage, sewage, earthworms.
Question - 5 - What is "green manure"?
Answer - When mung or jute is sown in that field before growing the crop in a field. After that, after plowing them, they are left in the soil of that field. These plants turn into green manure.
Question 6 - What are the benefits of "fertilizer fertilizer"?
Answer - By using fertilizer
fertilizer - plants remain healthy. And crop production is high.
Question-7 - What is the purpose of mixed crop?
Answer: The objectives of mixed crop are mainly two.
(1) - To get maximum benefits ⧫
(2) - There is least loss to the crop.
Question - 8 - What is a mixed crop, with examples?
Answer: Mixed crop is of the following type -
Such as wheat, gram and wheat, mustard etc.
Question-9 - How many satellites does Mars have?
Answer - Two (2)
Question 10 - How many satellites does the planet Jupiter have?
Answer: 64 (64)
Question - 11 - How many satellites does Saturn have?
Answer - 62
Question - 12 - Which planet has the maximum diameter?
Answer - Jupiter - 142,800
Question - 13 - Who propounded the "Principle of Continental Influence"?
Answer - by Alfred Wegner.
Question - 14 Who was "Alfred Wegner"?
Answer - "Alfred Wegner" (1880 -1930) was a weatherman and geologist of Germany.
Question - 15 - How many types of earth plates?
Answer - There are 10 types of earth plates. His name is as follows.
(i) Pacific plates
(ii) Antarctic plates
(iii) Indian plates
(iv) African plates
(v) South America plates
(vi) Nazca plates
(vii) North-American plates
(viii) Eurasian plates
(ix) cocas plates
(x) Australian plates
Q-5 Which proteins are conjugate proteins, name it?
Answer - Proteins in which groups are also associated with molecules. They are called "conjugate proteins".
Eg - chromoprotein ⧫
Q-6 What is the function of protein?
Answer: Proteins form cells, organisms and cells in the body.
Question-7 - What are the side effects of lack of protein in the body?
Answer: The following side effects are observed due to lack of protein.
(i) The growth of the body stops.
(ii) Due to deficiency of protein in children, there is a possibility of diseases like "quasciork and marsmus" in children.
Question - 8-What is water?
Answer - Water is an "inorganic substance", which makes up 60 -75% of the human body.
Question - 9 How does water control body temperature?
Answer: Water regulates the temperature of our body through sweat and vapor.
Question - 10 - Which disease is caused by lack of water?
Answer - Dehydration - which is called "Dehydration" in English.
Question - 11 - Who is studied under the branch of Ecology "Human Ecology"?
Answer - Under this branch of ecology studies are done which affect the effect of "human living".
Question - 12 - With whom is the estuary ecology related?
Answer: Under ecological ecology, various living organisms living in the area of the river estuary i.e. the sea meets the particular environment.
Question-13 - What is under
Answer: Proper use and management of natural resources is studied under conservation ecology.
Question - 14 - What comes under "natural resources"?
Answer - Forests, wildlife, land, water, light and minerals come under natural resources.
Question - 15 - What is aquatic ecology? Which area of ecology is studied under it.
Answer: Under the aquatic ecology, the fresh water ecosystem of fresh fresh water and the salt central water ecosystem come.
Question-16 - What reactions do "enzymes" do in the body?
Answer - Biochemical reaction.
Question-17 - What functions do "hormones" do in the body?
Answer - Body operation.
Question-18 - What is "transport protein" in the body?
Answer - Hemoglovin
Question - 19 - What is the function of "structural" proteins in the body?
Answer: Building cells and tissue.
Q-20 - What is the function of "Defensive Protein" in the body?
Answer - Protecting from infection.
Question - 21 - What is a shell?
Answer - Such substances which have formed our earth are called rocks.
Question-22 - In terms of "structure", what are the types of rocks?
Answer: There are three types of rocks in terms of structure.
(i) Igneous rocks.
(ii) Sedimentary rocks
(iii) metamorphic rock
Question - 23 - What is the role of minerals in "rock formation process"?
Answer - "Minerals" are considered to be the building materials of the rock.
Question-24 - International Astronomical Union (I-A-U) reclassified who as "asteroids" on 24 August 2006?
Answer - Pluto.
Question - 25 - What is the average distance of "Mercury Planet" from Sun?
Answer - 5.79 lakh km (average distance)
Question - 26 What is the average distance of "Venus" from the Sun?
Answer - 10. 82 lakh km (average distance)
Question - 27 What is the average distance of "Earth" from Sun?
Answer - 14. 96 lakh km (average distance), 1500 lakh km (normal)
/>Question - What is the average distance of 28 "Mars" from Sun?
Answer - 22 .79 lakh km (average distance)
Question-29 - Which is the only "satellite" of Earth?
Answer - Moon.
Question - 30 - What is the total distance of the Moon from the Earth?
Answer - 384400 km.
Question - 31 - How much does the Moon weigh compared to Earth?
Answer - The weight of the Earth is - 0. 0123.
Question-34 - How long does the moon revolve around the earth?
Answer - From one full moon to the next full moon.
In days --- 29. 53 days
In hours ------ 709 hours
Question - 35 - What is the highest temperature of moon?
Answer - 120 ° C.
Question - 36 - What is the lowest temperature of moon?
Answer - 163 ° C.
Question - 37 - In terms of size, how much Earth can come inside the Sun?
Answer - More than 10 lakhs.
Question - 38 - What is "Corona"?
Answer - Corona is the outer part of the Sun's atmosphere.
Question - 39 - When does the corona appear?
Answer - At the time of "solar eclipse".
Question - 40 - Which planet has the most satellites?
Answer: Jupiter (64)