अमानक वर्ण

अमानक वर्ण   Hindi grammar questions  for competitive exam  part-5   1  शुद्ध वर्तनी    2 . अमानक वर्ण   (i)  - शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ बर्तन की शुद्ध " वर्तनी " क्या है ?   बर्तन का शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ "बर्तन " का शुद्ध वर्तनी   "बरतन " है ∣   (ii) . अमानक वर्ण - हिंदी में बहुत से ऐसे वर्ण हुआ करते थे ,जो की वर्तमान समय में चलन में नहीं है ,अथवा हिंदी के मूल वर्णो में शामिल नहीं है।  इस प्रकार के  सभी वर्ण " अमानक वर्णो " की श्रेणी में  आते हैं Ι  अर्थात वे   " वर्ण " जो पूर्व में तो मान्य रहे हो ,परन्तु वर्तमान वर्णमाला के दृस्टीकोण   से मान्य न  होते हो , अमानक वर्ण है ।     अमानक वर्ण क्या है ➨ ऐसे वर्ण जिनका कोई " मानक " न हो , तथा जो सर्वमान्य न हो " अमानक " वर्ण है , अथवा ऐसे वर्ण जिनका पहले तो मानक रहा हो परन्तु वर्तमान समय में उनका कोई " मानक " न  हो अमानक वर्ण कहलाते है ।   अमानक वर्ण किसे  कहते है ➨ जब कोई वर्ण वर्तमान परिपेक्ष्य  के मानकों  पर खरा नहीं उतरता अथवा

child development and pedagogy book in english pdf free download

child development and pedagogy book in english pdf free download

1 - According to Watson - "Psychology - is the science of behavior".

2 - Psychology includes 3 (three) major verbs of "study of behavior".

Which is the following.

(i) - Changes in behavior.

(ii) - Understanding behavior well.

(iii) - Seeing behavior - "predicting" it. Etc. The study of different types of facts - under "Psychology".

4 - What is Parapsychology?

Parapsychology subject Under "Parapsychology" - subjects related to "miracle activity" are studied. Such as - "memory of past birth".

5 - What is education psychology?

Education Psychology ➔ The term education is derived from the "learning" metal of the Sanskrit language. 

While the term "education" - from the Latin language - is derived from the term "educare", which means - "to lead." Education-psychology is the science in which - primarily - two points are studied.

  Education is a branch of psychology - "psychology". The origin of which is believed to be 1900. 

The branch of psychology - under "education psychology" - includes teaching and learning.

The same - "Plato" has considered education - the process of "physical - mental - and intellectual development".

(i) Teaching - Teaching means that -

"how the education of the child will be, or is to be done." You study in different ways.

(ii) Learning - Common language learning means "learning", that is, when something new is learned by a child, - from that we are called "learning" - under the language of child development or Shiksha Vijan.

6 - According to psychology - there are two types of human behavior. In which the first behavior is - our - "external behavior" and the second is - our - "internal behavior".

(i) External behavior - External behavior refers to behavior that can be seen directly. 

That is, the behavior that we can see - or the behavior that is visible to us externally, we call it "external behavior" of human beings.
For example - crying, laughing, shouting etc. come.

(ii) Internal behavior - Internal behavior is behavior that we cannot see in "direct" form. 

That is, behavior which is not visible externally, or which we cannot see, such behavior - "Internal behavior" It is called.
For example - blood pressure, fear, anxiety, etc.

7- According to Mahatma Gandhi - "By education I mean the child's all-round development of human body, mind, soul and best development."

8 - Difference in Psychology and Education Psychology - Psychology and Education Psychology have the following differences or differences, which are as follows.


1 - Psychology is in itself an independent subject. , Whereas - "Education Psychology" is a branch of psychology itself.

2 - The field of psychology is large and wide, the same - the field of "education psychology" is limited.

3 - The work of psychology is to understand or control or predict the study of the behavior of all those subjects or areas.

4 - In the broad field of psychology, all the facts that come under it are studied, while - in "Education Psychology", the study of situations, actions, responses etc. related to "education".

9 - What is the difference between growth and development?

9 - Difference between growth and development The following is the difference between growth and development, which is as follows.

Development - Development is a lifelong process. 
The field of development is very wide. 

Which includes our entire field of development. Which includes both our physical development and mental development. 

Development itself has a wide meaning. Under growth - "growth" is a small part. Or to say that "growth" itself comes under development.

Growth is a small part of our growth process. In which only 

"growth" is included. The time period of growth is fixed, that is, the growth is only for a fixed time. That is, there is a small part in the whole development.

⇀ Different types of actions are included in development - work efficiency, work capacity, behavior etc.

Whereas under growth - various factors such as increasing the size of the child, increasing the length etc. are included.

⇀ Development is a process that goes on in the life of a person "life-long". Never stops, as long as man is alive, the process of development goes on.

Whereas "growth" lasts only for a certain time period. That is, growth never lasts like life. A rise has a fixed time frame or time period.

⇀ includes all actions of "growth" under development, while "growth" does not necessarily mean that "growth" is taking place. 

While the scope of growth is limited, the scope of development is wide.

10 - Mental Development ⇀ Mental development is a development that goes on continuously.

 That is to say - we know that - there is a time limit or period of our physical development, between which physical development takes place, or to say that our physical development takes place till a certain time.

While our mental development goes on continuously.

Different types of other development are also included under mental development.
Such as -

⇀ mental development.
⇀ Social development.

11 - Also if we talk about Indian - mystics, then we see that Indian mystics have divided "human development into 7 (seven) parts. Which is as follows.

According to Indian personalities

(i) Pregnancy - Under this, the period of time from "conception to birth" is included.

 (ii) Infancy - Under this - the time period of "from birth to 5 years" is included.

(iii) Childhood - under it - covers the time period of "five years to 12 years".

(iv) Adolescence - Under this - time period of "12 years to 18 years" is included.

(v) Youth status - under it - includes the time period of "18 years to 25 years".

(vi) Old age - under it - includes the time period of "25 years to 55 years".

(vii) Old age - under it - includes the time period of "55 years to death".

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