अमानक वर्ण

अमानक वर्ण   Hindi grammar questions  for competitive exam  part-5   1  शुद्ध वर्तनी    2 . अमानक वर्ण   (i)  - शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ बर्तन की शुद्ध " वर्तनी " क्या है ?   बर्तन का शुद्ध वर्तनी ➨ "बर्तन " का शुद्ध वर्तनी   "बरतन " है ∣   (ii) . अमानक वर्ण - हिंदी में बहुत से ऐसे वर्ण हुआ करते थे ,जो की वर्तमान समय में चलन में नहीं है ,अथवा हिंदी के मूल वर्णो में शामिल नहीं है।  इस प्रकार के  सभी वर्ण " अमानक वर्णो " की श्रेणी में  आते हैं Ι  अर्थात वे   " वर्ण " जो पूर्व में तो मान्य रहे हो ,परन्तु वर्तमान वर्णमाला के दृस्टीकोण   से मान्य न  होते हो , अमानक वर्ण है ।     अमानक वर्ण क्या है ➨ ऐसे वर्ण जिनका कोई " मानक " न हो , तथा जो सर्वमान्य न हो " अमानक " वर्ण है , अथवा ऐसे वर्ण जिनका पहले तो मानक रहा हो परन्तु वर्तमान समय में उनका कोई " मानक " न  हो अमानक वर्ण कहलाते है ।   अमानक वर्ण किसे  कहते है ➨ जब कोई वर्ण वर्तमान परिपेक्ष्य  के मानकों  पर खरा नहीं उतरता अथवा

environment and ecology

Environment and Ecology

PART-4

my contribution to save environment essay




Question 1 - What are Bioresources?
                                     

Answer - 1 - Bioresources are those resources. Which we get from the "biosphere".

And in which life prevails. Such as - humans, flora, animals, fisheries, livestock etc.

Question-2 - What is an abiotic resource?



Answer - All those resources which are made of inanimate objects. Are called "abiotic resources". Such as - rocks and metals etc. are all abiotic resources.


Question - 3 - What are renewable resources?


Answer - Renewable resources are those resources. Which can be reproduced by physical, chemical and mechanical processes. Therefore, such resources are called renewable resources or replenishable resources. Such as - solar energy, wind energy, water, forests, and wildlife etc.

Q-4 What are the non-renewable resources?


Answer - Nonrenewable resources are such resources, whose development takes place in a long geological interval. Therefore, such resources are exhausted only after use. Hence they are called "non-renewable resources". Such as - minerals and fossils etc. "are covered under non-renewable resources.



Question -5 - What are personal resources?



Answer - Personal resources are those resources. The resources which are owned or owned by a "person", we call such resources "personal resources". Such as - gardens, ponds, wells etc. are all personal resources.



Question 6 - What are community resources?

Answer - Community resources are those resources. The resources on which all members of the 'community' have the right or ownership 'and the resources that are available to all the members of a community, are called "community resources" such as - in the village - fodder, pond, crematorium Earth ,

Public parks, picnic spots, playgrounds etc. are all community resources in the city.



Question-7 - What do national resources mean, what kind of resources are these?



Answer - National resources are those resources. Which are found in a nation or country. In other words, resources which are found in a nation and over which the "nation" has full authority. National resources are called. In which all substances, water resources, forests, wildlife, land within political boundaries and ocean area up to 12 nautical miles (19. 2 km) and the resources found in them are the property of that nation.



Question-8 - What are international resources?



Answer - International resources are those resources. Which are controlled by "international institutions". For example - 200 km from the coast line. After the distance of m, no country has any right over open ocean resources. Therefore, these resources are not used without the consent of international institutions.


Question-9 - What are the possible resources or can the potential resources be used?

Answer - Resources that exist in a region, country, region. But which cannot be used or used, then we call such resources "potential resources". That is, there is a possibility of such resources, but no effort has been made for that.


Question - 10 - What are developed resources?



Answer - Those resources which are in use i.e. those which are being used in present time Developed resource. The resources that have been surveyed and whose quantity and quality of use have been determined. We call them "developed resources".


Question - 11 What are stores?


Answer: The substances available in the environment that can meet human needs. But science techniques are out of reach. Such substances are included in "stores". Possibilities are discovered in these stores.



Question - 12 - What is the deepest area?

Answer - The "deep" zone is found at the maximum depth of the sea. It is a part of the depth of about 1000 meters below sea level. Even the sun's rays do not reach this area. The temperature of this region varies from about - 2 ° C to 3 ° C.



Question - 13 - What does Abiotic mean?

Answer - Such components of our ecosystem in which life is not prevalent, are called "abiotic". Such as - water, soil, desert, mountains, temperature, clouds, temperature, rain, snow, storm etc. all fall under "Abiotic".



Question - 14 - What does seasonal change mean?



Answer - When the advance of the "equatorial line" changes in the weather of the Earth, in which the "season" changes. We call this change - "seasonal" change.



Question-15 - What is the location or topography?



Answer - By location or topography, we can find the location of latitude and longitude. With this, we can also find out the location of the climate.



Question - 16 - What is water?

Answer - Water is an "inorganic fluid".



Question - 17 - Who is given the noun of "Father of Human Geography"?



Answer - Federic Retzel



Question - 18 - Who first detected the degradation of ozone layer?



Answer: Joseph Farman (England)



Question - 19 - What are the characteristics of "homeothermic or adothermic" animals?



Answer - These are animals whose blood is warm. And they are able to maintain their body temperature the same in any environment. Such as - birds and mammals etc.



Question-20 - What is the difference between "Syophytes plants" and - "Heliophytes" plants?

Answer - Siophytes plant grow in "low-light" or low intensity of light. Whereas on the contrary "heliophytes" plants grow at full intensity of sunlight.



Question - 21 - What is physical deformation?



Answer - The cold and warmth of the atmosphere causes "physical distortion".



Question - 22 - What is ecology?



Answer - Ecology - is the study of the interrelationship of organism and environment. That is, when animals and plants affect each other and the environment, a mechanism is formed in this process. Which we call "ecosystem".



Question - 23 - Which subjects are studied under the ecosystem?



Question-23 - Under Ecosystem - The following topics are studied. Such as - biochemistry, biophysics, geography, climate, soil, physiology etc. are studied.



Question - 24 - Who comes under the biological component?



Answer - The following components come under the organic component.



(i) producer (ii) consumer (iii) decomposer



Question - 25 - What are the types of consumers?



Answer: There are 3 types of consumers.

(i) Primary consumer (ii) Secondary consumer (iii) Tertiary consumer.



Question 26 - Which components come under the "abiotic component"?



Answer: There are three types of components under abiotic components. Which is as follows.



(i) Inorganic component (ii) Organic component (iii) Physical component



Question - 27 - What does "Inorganic components" fall under?



Answer - There are different types of "salts and gases" under inorganic components. which is like this.

Question - 28 - What comes under organic components?



Answer: The following components come under organic components. Such as - proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, urea, and humus etc.



Question - 29 - What comes under the physical component?



Answer - Under the physical component - air, light, heat, electricity, water etc. all come.



Question - 30 - What are the producers? Tell me with examples.

Answer - The green plants that make their own food through the process of "photosynthesis" are called growers. From them - "primary consumers" get their food. That is, the primary consumers depend on these "producers" for their food.



Question - 31 - What are "autotrophic" plants?




Answer - The plants that make their own food through the process of "photosynthesis" are called "autotrophic plants". Autotrophic means self-sustaining plants.



Question - 32 - How do green plants make their food through the process of "photosynthesis"?



Answer - Green - plants - during the process of "photosynthesis" - make their food by inorganic substances, water, and carbon dioxide.



Question - 33 - After the death of green plants, what kind of actions take place in the ecosystem?



Answer- Green plants after death are converted into "organic food", or become organic manure.



Question - 34 - Who are the primary consumers?



Answer - Primary consumers are those who depend on the producers - for their food. That is, they depend on green plants for their food, which make their own food.



Question - 35 - Are primary consumers vegetarian or non-vegetarians?



Answer - Primary consumers - Complete vegetarian animals - are animals. They depend entirely on the producers (ie green plants) for their food.



Question - 36 - Who are the primary consumers, name it?



Answer - The primary consumers are as follows. Such as - cow, goat, deer, rabbit, rat etc. are all primary consumers.



Question - 37 - Which consumers are called primary consumers?



Answer - As we know that - primary consumers depend on "producer" for their food. That is, it is dependent on others for food, hence it is called "odd - host".



Question 38 - By what name are primary consumers known?



Answer - We are also known as "Shakabhakshi" to the primary consumers.



Question - 39 - Who are the Secondary Consumers?



Answer - Animals that rely on "primary consumers" for their food. Secondary consumers are called. That is, these animals eat - the primary consumers - for their food.




Question 40 - Secondary consumers are vegetarian or non-vegetarian?



Answer - These are carnivorous animals - animals, which eat - for their food - the primary consumer - such as - cow, goat, reindeer, rat, squirrel, rabbit etc.



Question-41 - Name the consumers.



Answer - Secondary consumers are of the following types. Such as - snake, fox, cat, frog, jackal, etc. are all included under "Secondary consumer".



Question - 42 - By what name are other consumers known?



Answer - Secondary consumers - also known as "meat eaters".



Question - 43 - Primary consumers - what is the "nutritional level"?



Answer - Primary consumers have "Nutrition Level - II".



Question - 44 - What is the nutritional level of secondary consumers?



Answer - Secondary consumers have "Nutrition Level - III".



Question - 45 - Explain the food activity of the second consumer with examples.



Answer - Secondary consumers eat their food to primary consumers. For example, a cat is a secondary consumer and eats a mouse. Which (the rat) is a primary consumer. That is, the rat depends on the producer (hare-podho) for its food. They are thus classified by "levels of nutrition".



Question - 46 - What is tertiary consumer?



Answer - Animals that depend on "secondary consumers" for their food. Tertiary consumers are called. That is, they eat their food - "Secondary consumers".



Question 47 - Are tertiary consumers vegetarian or non-vegetarian?



Answer - They are completely carnivorous animals. They eat their food to a secondary consumer.



Question - 48 - Name the tertiary consumers with examples.



Answer - The "hawk" is a tertiary consumer, which eats the secondary consumer ie (snake). The snake, which is a secondary consumer, depends on the primary consumer - the mouse - for its food. The same rat relies on "producers" - that is, green plants - for its food. Similarly, this sequence continues.



Question - 49 - In our atmosphere - what is the height of "Madhyamandala"?



Answer - The height of the Madhyamandal is from 50 km to 80 km.



Question - 50 - At what level is the plane flown in the atmosphere?





Ecology and Environment

Ecology and Environment





Answer - The aircraft is flown in the "stratosphere". Because the weather in the "stratosphere" remains completely calm.



Question - 51 - What is "troposphere"?



Answer - The troposphere is the lowest layer of the atmosphere. This layer is closest to our earth. The temperature of this layer remains at an altitude of 165 meters - 1 degree Celsius and at a height of 1 kilometer - 6. 4 degree Celsius.



Question - 52 - In our environment - who is the factor of thunderstorms, clouds and rain?



Answer: Troposphere



Question - 53 - What is the outfall?

Answer - The exosphere - is the layer just above the "ionosphere".



Question - 56 - What is the height of the exosphere?



Answer - The height of the banyam ranges from - 640 km to 1000 km.



Question - 57 - Depending on the amount of salts, how many types of water are there?



Answer: Depending on the amount of salts, water is of three types.



(i) fresh water (ii) saline water (iii) seawater



Question - 58 - Which is the drinking water from fresh water, saline water, seawater?



Answer - Fresh water.



Question - 59 - Name all the salts which come under inorganic salts.



Answer: The following salts come under inorganic salts. Whose name is as follows.



(1) calcium



 (2) magnesium



 (3) potassium



(4) phosphorus



(5) nitrogen



(6) Sulfur



Etc. all fall under "inorganic salts".



Question - 60 - What are inorganic gases, what is the name?




Answer - Inorganic gases are as follows.



(1) oxygen



 (2) nitrogen



 (3) carbon dioxide



(4) Hydrogen



(5) Ammonia



Etc. All gases fall under "inorganic gases".



Question - 61 - Who is called the earth scavenger?

Answer - We are called "scavengers" of earth scavengers. Because if there is no decomposition, "cycling" will stop and there will be imbalance in our environment.



Question - 62 - What are Omnivores?



Answer - Omnivorous consumers are consumers who are capable of consuming both vegetarian food and non-vegetarian food. That is, "omnivorous consumers" eat both types of food. That's why we call them omnivores.



Question - 63 - Who are the omnivores?



Answer - "Human" is an omnivorous consumer. Which is capable of eating both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food. That is, the human digestive system is capable of digesting both vegetarian food and non-vegetarian food. Therefore - "human" is an omnivorous consumer.



Question - 64 - By which consumer does the "bard food chain" start?



Answer - The "bard food chain" is initiated by the primary consumer.



Question - 65 - What is the type of food chain, name it?



There are two types of food chain.



(i) Baran Food Chain (ii) Raw Food Chain



Question - 66 - According to energy pyramid how many calories do "tertiary consumers" get?



Answer - Tertiary consumers - (10 х 10) - 100 = "1 calorie" according to the energy pyramid.



Question - 67 - How many calories do secondary consumers get?



Answer - Secondary consumers - 100 x 10 ➗ 100 = "10 calories".



Question - 68 - How many calories do primary consumers get?



Answer- Primary consumers - 1000 ❌ 10 ➗ 100 = "100 calories".



Question - 69 - What percentage of calories do producers use in their energy?



Answer - Producers consume about 90% of their calories.



Question-70 - What percentage of their energy can growers collect?



Answer - Producers are able to store only about 10% percent of their energy.



Question - 71 - According to the energy pyramid how is energy distributed to all consumers?


Answer - According to the energy pyramid, firstly - the producer gets 100 percent energy. Of which he collects 10% energy by using 90 percent of his energy calories himself. It is 10 percent% = 1000 calories. Then the primary consumer - 10% of this 10 percent of calories i.e. that = 100 calories gets energy.




Then when the second consumer says to the primary consumer, he gets 10% percent of the calories received by the primary consumer i.e. = 100 ✖️ 10 ➗ 100 = 10 calories.



Then when the tertiary consumer eats the secondary consumer, he receives "10%" of the calories of energy received by the "secondary consumer". That is, we get = "1 calorie".


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अमानक वर्ण

sanskrit varnamala mock test

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